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Abstract


OCCUPATION AND LEGISLATION: THE LEGAL DOCUMENTS WHICH THE OTTOMAN GOVERNMENTS PREPARED DURING THE OCCUPATION PERIOD AND THE EFFECT OF THE OCCUPATION ON THEM (1918-1922)
In this study the Legal documents which the Ottoman Governments prepared have been evaluated after the occupation of Istanbul. The moral features of the related era have been scanned thoroughly to bring out the subject matter. What kind of legal documents were published? How were they classified? Were there any effects of the occupation on these documents? If so, how much? Was the law effective in the Occupation period? Or how was legislation applied? In this study answers have been given to these type of questions. And the behaviours and attitudes of the Ottoman administrators have been revealed in this period. In this period the country was ruled by daily legislations and laws. Legislations were made on spot because the Parliament was closed. In every government change there were different and contradicting legislations especially with the role of the occupational forces. At the beginning of the occupation many legislations were applied by exerting pressure on the Sultan. Most of these legislations were related with the non-muslims and occupiers demands of payments and giving them new benefits. The French gained most from these legislations. The pressure of the Occupiers were reflected in a diplomatic way.

Keywords
The Occupation of Istanbul, The Ottoman Govern in the Armistice Period, The Ottoman Laws, The Ottoma



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